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Title: Polymerized Nile Blue derivatives for plasticizer-free fluorescent ion optode microsphere sensors
Authors: Wittaya Ngeontae
Chao Xu
Nan Ye
Katarzyna Wygladacz
Wanlapa Aeungmaitrepirom
Thawatchai Tuntulani
Eric Bakker
Purdue University College of Science
Mahidol University
Keywords: Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology;Chemistry;Environmental Science
Issue Date: 5-Sep-2007
Citation: Analytica Chimica Acta. Vol.599, No.1 (2007), 124-133
Abstract: Lipophilic H+-selective fluorophores such as Nile Blue derivatives are widely used in ISE-based pH sensors and bulk optodes, and are commonly dissolved in a plasticized matrix such as PVC. Unfortunately, leaching of the active sensing ingredients and plasticizer from the matrix dictates the lifetime of the sensors and hampers their applications in vivo, especially with miniaturized particle based sensors. We find that classical copolymerization of Nile Blue derivatives containing an acrylic side group gives rise to multiple reaction products with different spectral and H+-binding properties, making this approach unsuitable for the development of reliable sensor materials. This limitation was overcome by grafting Nile Blue to a self-plasticized poly(n-butyl acrylate) matrix via an urea or amide linkage between the Nile Blue base structure and the polymer. Optode leaching experiments into methanol confirmed the successful covalent attachment of the two chromoionophores to the polymer matrix. Both polymerized Nile Blue derivatives have satisfactory pH response and appropriate optical properties that are suitable for use in ion-selective electrodes and optodes. Plasticizer-free Na+-selective microsphere sensors using the polymerized chromoionophores were fabricated under mild conditions with an in-house sonic microparticle generator for the measurement of sodium activities at physiological pH. The measuring range for sodium was found as 10-1-10-4M and 1-10-3M, for Nile Blue derivatives linked via urea and amide functionalities, respectively, at physiological pH. The observed ion-exchange constants of the plasticizer-free microsphere were log Kexch= -5.6 and log Kexch= -6.5 for the same two systems, respectively. Compared with earlier Na+-selective bulk optodes, the fabricated optical sensing microbeads reported here have agreeable selectivity patterns, reasonably fast response times, and more appropriate measuring ranges for determination of Na+activity at physiological pH in undiluted blood samples. © 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 00032670
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2006-2010

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