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|Title:||Cloning and characterization of a caspase gene from black tiger shrimp (Penaeus monodon)-infected with white spot syndrome virus (WSSV)|
Prince of Songkla University
Thailand National Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology
|Keywords:||Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology|
|Citation:||Journal of Biotechnology. Vol.131, No.1 (2007), 9-19|
|Abstract:||A black tiger shrimp (Penaeus monodon) caspase cDNA homologue (PmCasp) has been identified from a hemocyte library using a previously identified caspase homologue from the banana shrimp (Penaeus merguiensis) as a probe. The full-length PmCasp was 1202 bp with a 954 bp open reading frame, encoding 317 amino acids. The deduced protein contained a potential active site (QACRG pentapeptide) conserved in most caspases. It had 83% identity with caspase of P. merguiensis and 30% identity with drICE protein of Drosophila melanogaster, and it exhibited caspase-3 activity in vitro. PmCasp was cloned and expressed in Escherichia coli and a rabbit polyclonal antiserum was produced. In Western blots, the antiserum reacted with purified recombinant PmCasp and with lysates of E. coli containing the expressed plasmid. In crude protein extracts from normal shrimp, the antiserum reacted with 36 and 26 kDa bands likely to correspond to inactive pro-caspase and its proteolytic intermediate form, respectively. PmCasp expression was measured in normal shrimp and in white spot syndrome virus (WSSV)-infected shrimp at 24 and 48 h post-injection (p.i.) by semi-quantitative RT-PCR, Western blot analysis, and immunohistochemistry. Semi-quantitative RT-PCR analysis revealed up-regulation of PmCasp at 48 h p.i. and expression remained high up to the moribund state. These results were supported by Western blot analysis showing increased PmCasp protein levels at 24 and 48 h p.i. when compared to normal control shrimp. Immunohistochemical analysis of gills from the WSSV-infected shrimp revealed immunoreactivity localized in the cytoplasm of both normal and apparently apoptotic cells. In summary, a caspase-3 like gene is conserved in P. monodon and is up-regulated after WSSV infection. © 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.|
|Appears in Collections:||Scopus 2006-2010|
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