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Title: Anti HIV-1 flavonoid glycosides from Ochna integerrima
Authors: Vichai Reutrakul
Niwat Ningnuek
Manat Pohmakotr
Chalobon Yoosook
Chanita Napaswad
Jitra Kasisit
Thawatchai Santisuk
Patoomratana Tuchinda
Mahidol University
Thailand Royal Forest Department
Keywords: Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology;Chemistry;Medicine;Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics
Issue Date: 1-Jul-2007
Citation: Planta Medica. Vol.73, No.7 (2007), 683-688
Abstract: Bioassay-guided fractionation of the anti-HIV-1 active EtOAc extract from leaves and twigs of Ochna integerrima led to the isolation of five new flavonoid glycosides 1-5, five known flavonoids 6-10, and two known flavonoid glycosides 11 and 12. Structures were determined based on spectroscopic analyses. 6-γ,γ-Dimethylallyldihydrokaempferol 7-O-β-D-glucoside (1), 6-γ,γ-dimethylallylquercetin 7-O-β-D-glucoside (3), 6-(3-hydroxy-3-methylbutyl)taxifolin 7-O-β-D-glucoside (4), 6-(3-hydroxy-3-methylbutyl)quercetin 7-O-β-D-glucoside (5), and 6-γ,γ-dimethylallyltaxifolin 7-O-β-D-glucoside (11) showed anti-HIV-1 activities in the syncytium assay using theΔTat/revMC99 virus and the 1A2 cell line system with EC50values ranging from 14.0-102.4 μg/mL. Furthermore, ochnaflavone 7″-O-methyl ether (7) and 2″, 3″-dihydroochnaflavone 7″-O-methyl ether (8) were very active; they exerted activities in the syncytium assay with EC50values of 2.0 and 0.9 μg/mL, respectively, and likewise inhibited HIV-1 reverse transcriptase (RT) with IC50values of 2.0 and 2.4 μg/mL, respectively. © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart.
ISSN: 00320943
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2006-2010

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