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Title: Combined hepatocellular and cholangiocarcinoma: CT Findings with emphasis on multiphasic helical CT
Authors: Sith Phongkitkarun
Tanop Srisuwan
Pattana Sornmayura
Janjira Jatchavala
Mahidol University
Faculty of Medicine, Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University
Keywords: Medicine
Issue Date: 1-Jan-2007
Citation: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand. Vol.90, No.1 (2007), 113-120
Abstract: Objective: To describe CT findings of patients with combined hepatocellular carcinoma and cholangiocarcinoma (HCC-CC) in correlation with clinical data and histopathological results. Material and Method: Ten from 31 cases whose CT study was available were reviewed retrospectively in the aspect of imaging findings, clinical data, and pathological results. Results: Most of the tumors were hypodense solitary mass with gradually enhanced after contrast administration. Bile duct dilatation was observed in two cases. The overall CT findings were more similar to CC rather than HCC despite the pathological result showing predominant HCC component. Serum alpha-fetoprotein level was normal or mildly elevated while an elevated concentration of carbohydrate antigen 19-9 was observed. Hepatitis profiles showed positive to hepatitis B virus infection in four cases and hepatitis C virus infection in one case. Conclusion: The diagnosis of combined HCC-CC should be considered if the tumor has similar findings to CC without bile duct dilatation on cirrhotic liver and the patient has normal or low rising of the AFP level with or without elevated CA 19-9 level. In non-cirrhotic liver, the finding is non-specific.
ISSN: 01252208
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2006-2010

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