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Title: Rapid identification of Burkholderia pseudomallei in blood cultures by a monoclonal antibody assay
Authors: Supinya Pongsunk
Nittaya Thirawattanasuk
Nuanchan Piyasangthong
Pattama Ekpo
Srinakharinwirot University
Mahidol University
Sappasitthiprasong Hospital
Khon Kaen Regional Hospital
Keywords: Immunology and Microbiology;Medicine
Issue Date: 1-Nov-1999
Citation: Journal of Clinical Microbiology. Vol.37, No.11 (1999), 3662-3667
Abstract: Burkholderia pseudomallei is the causative agent of melioidosis. In northeast Thailand, this gram-negative bacterium is a major cause of mortality from septicemia. The definitive diagnosis of this disease is made by bacterial culture. In this study, we produced a monoclonal antibody (MAb) specific to the 30-kDa protein of B. pseudomallei by in vivo and in vitro immunization of BALB/c mice with a crude culture filtrate antigen. The MAb could directly agglutinate with all 243 clinical isolates of B. pseudomallei but not with other gram-negative bacteria, except for one strain of Burkholderia mallei. However, the MAb cross-reacted with the gram-positive Bacillus sp. and Streptococcus pyogenes. B. pseudomallei in brain heart infusion broth (BHIB) subcultured from a BacT/Alert automated blood culture system could be identified by simple agglutination with this MAb assay. The sensitivity and specificity of direct agglutination compared to the 'gold standard,' the culture method, were 94.12 and 98.25%, respectively. However, the MAb adsorbed to polystyrene beads or latex particles directly identified the bacterium in blood culture specimens and in BHIB subcultured from a BacT/Alert automated blood culture system. The sensitivity of the latex agglutination test was 100% for both blood culture and BHIB specimens. The specificity was 85.96 and 96.49% for the blood culture and BHIB specimens, respectively. The specificity could be increased if the nonspecific materials in the blood culture broths were eradicated by centrifugation at low speeds. Thus, a combination of blood culture and the agglutination method could be used for the rapid diagnosis of melioidosis in the routine bacteriological laboratory. This method could speed up detection of the bacterium in blood culture by at least 2 days, compared to the conventional bacterial culture method. In addition, the MAb is stable at room temperature for 2 weeks and at 4, -20, and -70°C for at least 1 year. The latex reagent was stable for at least 6 months at 4°C.
ISSN: 00951137
Appears in Collections:Scopus 1991-2000

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