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|Title:||Maternal virus load and perinatal human immunodeficiency virus type 1 subtype E transmission, Thailand|
Nancy L. Young
Philip A. Mock
Marcia L. Kalish
Susan K. Phillips
Timothy C. Granade
Bruce G. Weniger
Timothy D. Mastro
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
|Citation:||Journal of Infectious Diseases. Vol.179, No.3 (1999), 590-599|
|Abstract:||To determine the rate and risk factors for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1 subtype E perinatal transmission, with focus on virus load, pregnant HIV-infected women and their formula-fed infants were followed prospectively in Bangkok. Of 281 infants with known outcome, 68 were infected (transmission rate, 24.2%; 95% confidence interval, 19.3%-29.6%). Transmitting mothers had a 4.3-fold higher median plasma HIV RNA level at delivery than did nontransmitters (P < .001). No transmission occurred at <2000 copies/mL. On multivariate analysis, prematurity (adjusted odds ratio [AOR], 4.5), vaginal delivery (AOR, 2.9), low NK cell percentage (AOR, 2.4), and maternal virus load were associated with transmission. As RNA quintiles increased, the AOR for transmission increased linearly from 4.5 to 24.8. Two-thirds of transmission was attributed to virus load >10,000 copies/mL. Although risk is multifactorial, high maternal virus load at delivery strongly predicts transmission. This may have important implications for interventions designed to reduce perinatal transmission.|
|Appears in Collections:||Scopus 1991-2000|
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