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Title: Improved detection of radiofrequency current-induced minor myocardial injury by cardiac troponin T measurement
Authors: Kosit Sribhen
Kiertijai Bhuripanyo
Ongkarn Raungratanaamporn
Sudcharee Kiartivich
Wattana Leowattana
Suphachai Chaithiraphan
Mahidol University
Keywords: Medicine
Issue Date: 1-Mar-1999
Citation: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand. Vol.82, No.3 (1999), 256-262
Abstract: Transcatheter radiofrequency current application in patients with cardiac arrhythmias was reported to be associated with a low rate of an increase in the activity of enzyme creatine kinase (CK) and CK-MB isoenzyme. As the novel heart-specific protein troponin T (cTnT) was shown to be superior to CK and CK-MB in detecting small damage to myocardial tissue in various clinical situations including unstable angina, a comparison of the diagnostic efficiency of these marker proteins to detect myocardial damage was made in 34 patients (mean age 38.3 ± 15.6 years) undergoing radiofrequency (RF) catheter ablation of accessory pathways (n = 17) and atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia (n = 17). Serial measurements of total CK and CK-MB activity before and every 8 hours for 24 hours after ablative procedure were performed with enzymatic and immunoinhibition method, respectively, using automated chemical analyzer Hitachi 717. Serum concentration of cTnT was determined by one-step sandwich ELISA performed on ES 300 analyzer (Boehringer Mannheim). With a median of 7.0 (range 1-39) RF current pulses only 12 (35%) and 10 (29%) of 34 patients showed an increase above the upper limit of normal CK and CK-MB activity, respectively. The peak activity of CK (mean peak = 285.8 ± 517.7 IU/L) occurred at a variable time that infrequently coincided with those of peak CK-MB activity (23.1 ± 8.0 IU/L). By contrast, all except 4 (88%) of 34 patients exhibited a distinct elevation of cTnT concentration (mean peak = 0.56 ± 0.63 ng/ml), with almost all (33) of these 34 patients showed an early peak value at 8 hours postprocedural. There was, on the average, a small but distinct higher relative increase (5.6 times) in cTnT concentration from the upper limit of reference range compared with those of CK (1.5 times) and CK-MB peak activity (0.9 time). In conclusion, cTnT exhibited a minor but distinst elevation in its concentration and demonstrated a higher rate and magnitude of increase following radiofrequency current application than the conventional CK and CK-MB isoenzyme. Measurements of cTnT serum concentration may thus provide a useful test method for assessing the effect of the new transcatheter ablation procedures on myocardial tissue.
ISSN: 01252208
Appears in Collections:Scopus 1991-2000

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