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Title: Cyanide poisoning, 2 cases report and treatment review
Authors: Suwanna Ruangkanchanasetr
Vinai Wananukul
Subharee Suwanjutha
Mahidol University
Keywords: Medicine
Issue Date: 1-Jan-1999
Citation: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand. Vol.82, No.SUPPL. (1999)
Abstract: Two patients, a 4-year-old girl and her brother 1 1/2 year-old, with cyanide poisoning are reported. They vomited and became comatose 9 hours after ingestion of boiled cassava. At a community hospital, they were intubated and given ventilatory support. The girl was transferred to Ramathibodi Intensive Care Unit. At 19 hours after ingestion, sodium nitrite and sodium thiosulfate were given as well as other supportive treatment. She recovered with normal breathing on the next day. The boy was referred to Ramathibodi 4 hours later. On arrival, he appeared normal except for the bitter almond breathe. Only supportive treatment was given. Their blood cyanide levels on arrival were 0.56 and 0.32 μg/ml (normal value < 0.3 μg/ml) respectively confirming the diagnosis of cyanide poisoning. Other abnormal laboratory findings included metabolic acidosis and lactic acidemia. The pathogenesis and management of cyanide poisoning are reviewed.
ISSN: 01252208
Appears in Collections:Scopus 1991-2000

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