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Title: Evaluation of sperm acrosome reaction in the asiatic elephant
Authors: Y. Kitiyanant
M. J. Schmidt
K. Pavasuthipaisit
Mahidol University
Metro Oregon
Keywords: Agricultural and Biological Sciences;Veterinary
Issue Date: 1-Mar-2000
Citation: Theriogenology. Vol.53, No.4 (2000), 887-896
Abstract: This study focuses on the effect of chemicals on acrosome reaction in elephant spermatozoa. Semen was collected at the Washington Park Zoo in Portland, Oregon, from an 11-yr-old Asian elephant by artificial vagina (7 ejaculates) and transported to Mahidol University in Bangkok in extender at 4 to 5 °C within 24 to 28 h. A total of 500 x 106sperm/mL was used for the control and for each of the 4 treatment groups: 1) cAMP (0.1 mM); 2) caffeine (0.1 mM); 3) Penicillamine hypotaurine and epinephine, PHE (penicillamine 2 mM, hypotaurine 1 mM, epinephine 1 mM); and 4) heparin (10 μg/mL) at 39 °C for 2 h. Aliquots were removed and the sperm viability, abnormal morphology, and acrosome status were evaluated by triple stain technique. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) was used to observe changes of the sperm head membrane in all treatment groups. Trypan blue reliably stained dead spermatozoa, while rose Bengal stained only the spermatozoa with intact acrosomes. The concentration of dead sperm cells was similar in the 4 groups. The percentages of live acrosome-reacted spermatozoa in the control and in groups treated with caffeine, PHE, cAMP and heparin were 19.5 ± 4.3, 38.1 ± 4.0, 34.8 ± 3.7, 29.8 ± 0.8 and 28.0 ± 4.2, respectively. The acrosome reaction rate was higher in the treatment groups than in the control (P<0.05). Caffeine and PHE caused significantly higher acrosome reaction of the sperm head than cAMP or heparin (P<0.05). The electron micrographs showed that the acrosome reaction occurred by the presence of apical vesiculation. The results indicated that 1) the triple stain technique allowed for evaluation of both viability and acrosome reaction simultaneously in elephant spermatozoa, 2) acrosome reaction occurred at a high rate in all 3 treatment groups, 3) the effects of caffeine and PHE were significantly higher (P<0.05) than of cAMP and heparin, and 4) the data obtained from the triple stain technique corresponded to those from TEM. (C) 2000 by Elsevier Science Inc.
ISSN: 0093691X
Appears in Collections:Scopus 1991-2000

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