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|Title:||Oestrogen-receptor-α gene polymorphism affects response in bone mineral density to oestrogen in post-menopausal women|
S. Sae Tung
Division of Endocrinology
|Keywords:||Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology|
|Citation:||Clinical Endocrinology. Vol.52, No.5 (2000), 581-585|
|Abstract:||OBJECTIVE: An oestrogen-receptor-α (ERα) gene polymorphism has been variably reported to be related to bone mass. To investigate whether this ERα gene polymorphism is associated with a functional difference, we assessed the response in bone mineral density (BMD) to oestrogen therapy in postmenopausal women in relation to ERα gene polymorphism. PATIENTS AND MEASUREMENTS: Subjects consisted of 124 Thai post-menopausal women. Sixty- three of the women were less than 6 years post-menopausal and 61 were more than 10 years post-menopausal with vertebral or femoral osteoporosis as defined by BMD T-score less than -2.5. Subjects were randomly allocated to receive 0.3 mg (n=67) or 0.625 mg (n=57) of conjugated equine oestrogen (CEE). All subjects also took 5 mg medroxyprogesterone acetate. Vertebral and femoral neck BMD were measured at baseline and 1 year after treatment. Data were expressed as mean ± SEM. Capital P represents the absence of the restriction site while lower-case p indicates the presence of the restriction site. RESULTS: For subjects on 0.625 mg CEE, BMD at L2-4 increased significantly after 1 year in those with pp (n=20) Pp (n=29) and PP genotypes (n=8) (P<0.001). However, in subjects on 0.3 mg CEE, BMD at L2-4 increased significantly after 1 year in subjects with Pp (n=34, +7.6 ± 1.5%, P<0.001) and PP genotypes (n=13, +6.9 ± 1.0%, P < 0.001), but not in those with pp genotype (n=20, +2.3 ± 2.1%, P=NS). After adjusting for age and years since menopause, the change in vertebral BMD was still lower in those without the P allele compared to those with the P allele (P<0.05). Femoral BMD did not significantly change regardless of dose of CEE and genotype. CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that ERα gene polymorphism affects skeletal response to oestrogen in post-menopausal women. The effect of ERα gene polymorphism appears to be site-specific and does not relate to biochemical markers of bone turnover. Determination of ERα genotype may help identify post-menopausal women who will have more skeletal benefit from oestrogen therapy.|
|Appears in Collections:||Scopus 1991-2000|
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