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Title: Genotype analysis of Burkholderia pseudomallei using randomly amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD): Indicative of genetic differences amongst environmental and clinical isolates
Authors: Chanvit Leelayuwat
Arunrat Romphruk
Aroonlug Lulitanond
Suwanna Trakulsomboon
Visanu Thamlikitkul
Khon Kaen University
University of Western Australia
Mahidol University
Keywords: Immunology and Microbiology;Medicine
Issue Date: 2-Nov-2000
Citation: Acta Tropica. Vol.77, No.2 (2000), 229-237
Abstract: Burkholderia pseudomallei is the causative agent of melioidosis, an infectious disease common in the tropics. Melioidosis is most prevalent in the northeastern part of Thailand. The diseases has diverse clinical manifestations ranging from mild localized to fatal septicemic forms. The bacterial genetic factors contributing to the severity of melioidosis have not been completely identified. We have developed a genotyping method based upon randomly amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) analysis. Eighteen deca-oligo nucleotide primers with 70% GC content, eight previously published 60% GC RAPD primers, and four random deca oligomers were tested on nine strains of B. pseudomallei isolated from five patients with localized and four with septicemic melioidosis. The RAPD patterns were analyzed by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis using a laser based automated fragment analyzer, GS2000. Based upon the pattern complexity, seven pairs consisting of eight primers were chosen for further analysis. Six hundred and thirty-two samples, including duplicates/triplicates, of B. pseudomallei isolated from melioidosis patients and the environment were analyzed. Two controls were included in each run of the test samples. All the samples were tested and patterns analyzed by blinded technical staff. Apparently, the method is reproducible. This is indicated by the RAPD patterns of the two controls of between run assay. Interestingly, some RAPD patterns were more prevalent in the clinical isolates than the environmental specimens and vice versa. For example, Q162KKU4-0 and Q162KKU1-0 were found 3.5 and 3.3 times more often in the clinical specimens (P < 0.025). Likewise, Q162KKU1-1 and Q162KKU4-1 were found 18 and 37 times more often in the environment (P < 0.770001). In addition, there was a bias in the distribution of arabinose positive strains and particular RAPD patterns; RAPD patterns of B. pseudomallei that were found frequently in septicemic patients were less likely to be arabinose positive. The data suggest the existence of bacterial genetic differences between the clinical and environmental isolates of B. pseudomallei. Further analysis of the RAPD patterns searching for common polymorphic DNA fragments and systemic comparative genomic analysis of B. pseudomallei in accordance with the clinical data should reveal genetic factors involved in severity and bacterial pathogenesis of B. pseudomallei in melioidosis. (C) 2000 Published by Elsevier Science B.V.
ISSN: 0001706X
Appears in Collections:Scopus 1991-2000

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