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|Title:||Diabetes mellitiis in young Thai adults|
|Citation:||Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand. Vol.83, No.11 (2000), 1283-1288|
|Abstract:||The purposes of the present study were to 1) find the prevalence of various types of diabetes; 2) determine the prevalence of glutamate decarboxylase autoantibody (anti-GAD) and 3) identify clinical characteristics which may help in predicting insulin deficiency in young Thai adults with diabetes. Subjects consisted of 93 adults with diabetes mellitus aged 15-40 years. In each subject, basal and post glucagon C-peptide levels were determined by radioimmunoassay. Anti-GAD was measured by radioimmunoassay and mitochondrial 3243 tRNA Leu(UUR) gene mutation was detected by PCR-RFLP. Data were expressed as mean ± SEM. The mean age of subjects was 31.0 ± 0.7 years with age at diagnosis of 25.6 ± 0.9 years. Thirty nine (41.9%) were males and 54 (58.1%) were females. Pancreatic calcification was found in 7 (7.5%) of the patients while 2 (2.2%) were identified as having Wolfram syndrome. Four (4.3%) had nonketotic diabetes with affected family members in multiple generations consistent with MODY. Mitochondrial 3234 tRNA Leu(UUR) gene mutation was detected in only one patient. After excluding 14 subjects with pancreatic calcification, Wolfram's syndrome, MODY or mitochondrial gene mutation, 45 (57.0%) were found to be insulin-deficient and 34 (43.0%) were insulin-sufficient based on post-glucagon C-peptide levels. Using stepwise logistic regression analysis, it was found that younger age at diagnosis (p<0.001), smaller waist circumference(p<0.01), previous history of DKA (p<0.01) was significantly associated with insulin deficiency. After excluding patients with DKA, younger age at diagnosis of diabetes (p < 0.05) and lower BMI (p<0.01) were related to insulin deficiency. Concerning the role of autoimmunity, it was found that 13 (28.3%) of insulin-deficient subjects were positive for anti-GAD while 4 (11.8%) of those who were insulin-sufficient had positive results. Of the 54 patients currently on insulin, 42 (77.8%) are insulin deficient and 14 (25.9%) have positive anti-GAD. There were 10 (18.5%) who were both insulin sufficient: and negative for anti-GAD suggesting that insulin therapy may not be required. We concluded that about half of young Thai adults with diabetes are not insulin-deficient and treatment with insulin may be unnecessary. The prevalence of glutamate decarboxylase antibody and mitochondrial 3234 tRNA Leu(UUR) gene mutation is low and as yet undefined factors are accountable for insulin deficiency in a significant number of patients.|
|Appears in Collections:||Scopus 1991-2000|
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