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Title: Limitation of transthoracic echocardiography in the diagnosis of congenital heart diseases
Authors: Jarupim Soongswang
Apichart Nana
Duangmanee Laohaprasitiporn
Kritvikrom Durongpisitkul
Charuwan Kangkagate
Wandee Rochanasiri
Teiranach Kovitcharoentrakul
Mahidol University
Keywords: Medicine
Issue Date: 1-Nov-2000
Citation: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand. Vol.83, No.SUPPL. 2 (2000)
Abstract: Nowadays, it has been widely accepted that echocardiography is the most efficient, non invasive diagnostic tool to diagnose congenital heart diseases. However, cardiac catheterization remains the gold standard to diagnose and obtain hemodynamic data prior to cardiovascular surgery. In order to find out the accuracy of transthoracic echocardiography in relation to the anatomical diagnosis of congenital heart diseases, 175 consecutive patients who underwent diagnostic cardiac catheterization during January 1999 to December 1999 were reviewed. All of them had complete echocardiographic studies prior to the procedure. The male to female ratio was 1.06:1. The median age at the time of echocardiography was 3.36 (0.01-28.8) years old. The indications of the cardiac catheterization were to demonstrate cardiovascular anatomy 64 per cent, to obtain pulmonary artery pressure and pulmonary vascular resistance 13.7 per cent, and to get both information 22.3 per cent. Tetralogy of Fallot (23.4%) was the most frequent cardiac malformation, followed by complex congenital heart diseases (22.3%), simple left to right shunt (12%), pulmonary atresia with ventricular septal defect (8.6%), tricuspid atresia (5.7%), simple d-transposition of great arteries (4%), etc. From cardiac catheterization; 49 cases (28%) revealed additional data which were surgically important, 3 cases (1.7%) resulted in different diagnoses, and 3 cases (1.7%) revealed additional information which was not surgically important. Inadequate imaging technique (36 cases, 65.5%) and limitation of technique (19 cases, 34.5%) were the reasons for missing anatomical findings of transthoracic echocardiography. Age at the time of echocardiography was not a significant factor affecting the accuracy. Persistent left superior vena cava, multiple aorto-pulmonary collateral arteries, pulmonary artery anatomy, and coronary artery anatomy were the most frequent cardiac lesions misdiagnosed by transthoracic echocardiography that were somewhat surgically important. The incorrect echocardiographic diagnoses were aortopulmonary window, patent ductus arteriosus, and vascular ring. Thorough and extensive echocardiographic scanning coupled with cooperative or adequately sedated patients by an experienced operator using an efficient echocardiographic machine might improve the accuracy of transthoracic echocardiography in the diagnosis of congenital heart diseases.
ISSN: 01252208
Appears in Collections:Scopus 1991-2000

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