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Title: Radiofrequency catheter ablation in pediatrics: Experience at Siriraj Hospital
Authors: Jarupim Soongswang
Ongkarn Raungratanaamporn
Rungroj Krittayaphong
Charuwan Kangkagate
Anna Chirapastan
Kiertijai Bhuripanyo
Charn Sriratanasathavorn
Thitima Nutakul
Sukanya Pooranawattanakul
Mahidol University
Keywords: Medicine
Issue Date: 1-Nov-2000
Citation: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand. Vol.83, No.11 (2000), 1340-1347
Abstract: Tachyarrhythmia is one of the life threatening cardiac electrophysiology problems in children. It also affects quality of life of the patients. Radiofrequency catheter ablation (RFCA) has made a significant impact in the treatment of tachyarrhythmia since 1989. The present report is the first and largest report in Thai children. There have been 24 RFCA procedures in 21 children since it was initially performed at Siriraj Hospital from January 1996 to December 1999. The electrophysiology studies and medical records were analyzed retrospectively. Median age and weight at the time of the procedure were 11 (1.1-13) years old and 38.8 (6.8-78.2) kg respectively. The presenting symptoms were palpitation 66.7 per cent, presyncope 16.7 per cent, congestive heart failure and cardiogenic shock 8.3 per cent, syncope 4.2 per cent, and chest pain 4.2 per cent. Median duration of symptom was 3.5 (0.1-8.0) years. The underlying cardiac arrhythmias were Wolff Parkinson White (WPW) syndrome 50 per cent, concealed accessory pathway 16.7 per cent, atrioventricular node re-entry tachycardia (AVNRT) 16.7 per cent, atrial ectopic tachycardia (AET) 12.5 per cent, and WPW with AVNRT 4.2 per cent. The median fluoroscopy time and procedure time were 25 (4-145) minutes and 125 (60-320) minutes respectively. The median tachycardia cycle length was 332.5 (220-460) seconds. The immediate success rate was 21/24 (87.5%) procedures. The procedural complication was 1/24 (4.2%). Two patients (8.3%) had recurrences of tachycardia and were successfully controlled with antiarrhythmic drugs. Conclusion: RFCA is a safe, effective, and curative procedure with high success rate for pediatric tachyarrhytnmias.
ISSN: 01252208
Appears in Collections:Scopus 1991-2000

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