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Title: Sonohysterography in the diagnosis of abnormal uterine bleeding
Authors: A. Chittacharoen
U. Theppisai
V. Linasmita
J. Manonai
Mahidol University
Keywords: Medicine
Issue Date: 1-Jan-2000
Citation: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research. Vol.26, No.4 (2000), 277-281
Abstract: Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the value of sonohysterography in diagnosis of patients with abnormal uterine bleeding. Method: Fifty-five patients with abnormal uterine bleeding and transvaginal sonography suggested an abnormal endometrial echo were enrolled in the study. Sonohysterography was performed on all patients, using saline instilled through an endocervically placed catheter. The histologic or pathologic finding was evaluated after surgical procedures and compared with sonohysterography results. Results: Sonohysterography was successfully completed in 52 cases (94.54%). Three cases had cervical stenosis and failed to pass the catheter into the uterine cavity. Mean age was 41.56 ± 7.82 years (range 29-58 years). Forty-six of 52 sonohysterography demonstrated intrauterine abnormalities (29 endometrial polyps, 15 submucous myomas, 2 endometrial hyperplasia). The pathologic finding demonstrated 46 intrauterine pathologic cases (28 endometrial polyps, 15 submucous myomas, 3 endometrial hyperplasia). Sonohysterography had 97.82% sensitivity, 83.33% specificity, 97.82% positive predictive value, 83.33% negative predictive value, and 96.15% accuracy. Conclusion: Sonohysterography is a highly sensitive, specific, and accurate screening procedure for the evaluation of uterine cavity in abnormal uterine bleeding and is a simple, minimally invasive, and effective tool to use in the evaluation of patients.
ISSN: 13418076
Appears in Collections:Scopus 1991-2000

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