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Title: Single-incision laparoscopic colectomy without using special articulating instruments: an initial experience
Authors: Atthaphorn Trakarnsanga
Thawatchai Akaraviputh
Pakpong Wathanaoran
Chainarong Phalanusitthepha
Asada Methasate
Vitoon Chinswangwattanakul
Mahidol University. Faculty of Medicine Siriraj Hospital. Minimally Invasive Surgery Unit
Keywords: Minimally invasive surgery;Single-incision laparoscopic colectomy;Laparoscopic colectomy;Colorectal neoplasms;Open Access article
Issue Date: 2011
Citation: World Journal of Surgical Oncology. Vol. 9, (2011), 162
Abstract: Background: Single-incision laparoscopic colectomy (SILC) was introduced as a novel minimally invasive technique. The benefits of this technique include reducing number of the incision and cosmetic improvement. Unlike the conventional laparoscopic colectomy, majority of previously reported SILC need to be performed using special curved or articulated instruments. The purpose of this study is to demonstrate our initial experience of SILC, which could be performed using the standard laparoscopic instruments. Material and methods: Retrospective review of 14 patients who underwent SILC at Siriraj Hospital from May to December 2010, patient’s demographic data, perioperative outcomes, early postoperative complications and pathological data were collected and analyzed. Results: The mean age of all patients was 60 years. The most common operation with SILC was sigmoidectomy (n = 9), followed by right hemicolectomy (n = 2), left hemicolectomy (n = 1), anterior resection (n = 1), and total colectomy (n = 1). The trocar insertion techniques were multi-fascial incision using regular port (n = 11) and GelPOINT® (n = 3). The mean operative time was 155 minutes (range 90-280) and the mean estimate blood loss was 32.1 mL (range 10-100). All patients were successfully operated without conversion. The mean length of hospital stay was 9 days (range 5-20). There was no mortality. The pathological results revealed colorectal cancer (n = 12), neoplastic polyp (n = 1) and Familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) (n = 1). The mean number of lymph nodes retrieval was 16.6 (range 3-34). Conclusion: SILC can successfully and safely be performed with standard laparoscopic instruments. This technique might be an alternative procedure to conventional laparoscopic colectomy with better cosmetic result.
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