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|Title:||The effects of adrenergic agonists on c-fos, jun-B and nitric oxide synthase-like immunoreactivities in cultured rat pinealocytes|
The Institute of Science and Technology for Research and Development, Mahidol University
|Keywords:||Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology|
|Citation:||Journal of Pineal Research. Vol.31, No.2 (2001), 186-192|
|Abstract:||Pineal melatonin synthesis is enhanced by the activation of adrenergic and opioid receptors. The precise mechanism of how signal transduction is affected by the activation of these receptors, leading to an increase in melatonin synthesis, is not clear. An attempt has been made to investigate the effects of the activation of these two types of receptors that might lead to the induction of immediate early genes (IEGs) and nitric oxide synthase (NOS) expressions. The present study shows that the stimulation of cultured pinealocytes by 1 μM epinephrine (an α- and β-adrenergic agonist) for 2 h increased the number of c-fos immunoreactive (IR) cells, and that this stimulatory effect was abolished by adding 10 μM prazosin (an α-adrenergic antagonist) to the culture medium. No significant change of c-fos-IR cells was found when cells were treated with either 1 μM isoproterenol (a β-adrenergic agonist) or 100 μM morphine (an opioid agonist). Neither epinephrine (1 μM), isoproterenol (1 μM) nor morphine (100 μM) altered jun-B-IR cells in the culture. With regard to NOS, the number of IR cells was slightly increased after 2 h of incubation by 10 μM isoproterenol, whereas morphine (100 μM) and epinephrine (10 μM) did not change the number of IR cells. The results of this experiment have demonstrated that c-fos expression is induced by α-adrenergic but not β-adrenergic agonists, nor by opioid agonists. Neither α-, β-adrenergic nor opioid agonists had any significant effect on jun-B, whereas NOS was slightly increased by isoproterenol.|
|Appears in Collections:||Scopus 2001-2005|
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