Simple jQuery Dropdowns
Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title: HIV-specific cytotoxic T lymphocytes, HLA-A11, and chemokine-related factors may act synergistically to determine HIV resistance in CCR5 Δ32-negative female sex workers in Chiang Rai, northern Thailand
Authors: Busarawan Sriwanthana
Thomas Hodge
Timothy D. Mastro
Charlene S. Dezzutti
Kyle Bond
Henry A.F. Stephens
Leondios G. Kostrikis
Khanchit Limpakarnjanarat
Nancy L. Young
Shoukat H. Qari
Renu B. Lal
Dasnayanee Chandanayingyong
Janet M. McNicholl
Thailand Ministry of Public Health
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
HIV/AIDS Collaboration
Rockefeller University
Mahidol University
Keywords: Immunology and Microbiology;Medicine
Issue Date: 1-Jan-2001
Citation: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses. Vol.17, No.8 (2001), 719-734
Abstract: Understanding how highly HIV-exposed individuals remain HIV uninfected may be useful for HIV vaccine design and development of new HIV prevention strategies. To elucidate mechanisms associated with resistance to HIV infection, immunologic and genetic factors were examined in 14 HIV-exposed but persistently seronegative (HEPS) female sex workers from Chiang Rai, northern Thailand and in ethnically matched, HIV-positive (n = 59) and HIV-negative women (n = 59). The HEPS women were identified in a study of commercial sex workers who had an HIV-1 incidence of 20.3 per 100 person-years. A high frequency of HLA-A11 was observed in HEPS women (86%) compared with northern Thai controls (56%). HIV-specific cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) lytic responses were detected in cryopreserved peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs), using HLA-A-matched subtype E HIV-1 peptides in four of seven (57%) HEPS women, eight of eight HIV-positive women, and zero of nine HIV-negative unexposed controls (p = 0.019 HEPS women vs. HIV-negative controls). CTL lysis levels were low, but responses were detected to peptides from Nef, Pol, Gag, and Env. Nef responses predominated in HEPS women. Compared with controls, HEPS women tended to have higher frequencies of CCR5 promotor 59402GG and SDF-1 3′UTR 801A genotypes known to influence HIV transmission or course of disease. HEPS women also had higher levels of spontaneous RANTES production by PBMCs than other groups. Each of these factors could potentially contribute to HIV resistance. As most HEPS women had one or more of these factors, they may prevent HIV infection synergistically by blocking HIV cell entry, delaying its dissemination, or killing HIV-infected cells.
ISSN: 08892229
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2001-2005

Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.