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|Title:||A randomized, open-label, comparative trial of zidovudine plus lamivudine versus zidovudine plus lamivudine plus didanosine in antiretroviral-naive HIV-1-infected Thai patients|
Eugene D.M.B. Kroon
Joep M.A. Lange
David A. Cooper
The HIV Netherlands Australia Thailand Research Collaboration
Academic Medical Centre, University of Amsterdam
Thailand Ministry of Public Health
|Citation:||Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes. Vol.27, No.2 (2001), 116-123|
|Abstract:||Objective: To assess the efficacy and tolerability of a triple nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor combination of zidovudine, lamivudine, and didanosine therapy. Design: A randomized open-label trial. Patients: Antiretroviral-naive HIV-infected patients with CD4+cell counts of 100 to 500 cells/μl. Methods: A total of 106 patients were randomly assigned to 300 mg of zidovudine (200 mg for body weight <60 kg) twice daily plus 150 mg of lamivudine twice daily plus 200 mg of didanosine (125 mg for body weight <60 kg) twice daily (n = 53) or to zidovudine plus lamivudine (n = 53) for 48 weeks. Main Outcome Measures: Degree and duration of reduction of HIV-1 RNA load and increase in CD4+cell counts from baseline and development of drug-related toxicities. Results: At 48 weeks, triple drug therapy showed greater declines in plasma HIV-RNA levels from the beginning of treatment than double drug therapy (1.86 vs. 1.15 log10copies/ml, respectively; p < .001). The proportions of patients with HIV-RNA <50 copies/ml in an intention-to-treat analysis were 54.7% (29 of 53 patients) and 11.3% (6 of 53 patients) in the triple and double drug therapy, respectively (p = .001). There was no significant difference in increase of CD4 count. Conclusion: Triple drug therapy with zidovudine, lamivudine, and didanosine was significantly more effective in inducing sustained immunologic and virologic responses than the double combination of zidovudine and lamivudine.|
|Appears in Collections:||Scopus 2001-2005|
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