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Title: Attitude towards working in rural area and self-assessment of competencies in last year medical students: A survey of five countries in Asia
Authors: Wanicha L. Chuenkongkaew
Himanshu Negandhi
Pisake Lumbiganon
Wang, Weimin
Kawkab Mahmud
Pham Viet Cuong
Mahidol University. Faculty of Medicine, Siriraj Hospital. Department of Ophthalmology
Keywords: Open Access article;Medical student;Attitude;Competencies;Rural areas;Asian countries
Issue Date: 2016
Citation: BMC Medical Education. Vol. 16, (2016), 238
Abstract: Background: Five countries in Asia including Bangladesh, China, India, Thailand and Vietnam formed a network called Asia-Pacific Network for Health Professional Education Reforms (ANHER). This network collectively conducted a survey at the national level and at the institutional level (for medical, nursing and public health education). We also undertook an assessment of final year graduates from these schools on their attitudes, competencies and willingness to work in rural areas. Methods: Pretested anonymous questionnaire comprised of four sections including demographic data, attitudes towards working in rural area, where to work after graduation and perception about competency of respondents was used. Descriptive and analytical statistics were used for data analyses. Results: About 60 % of students from Bangladesh and Thailand had positive attitude towards working in rural area, 50 % in both China and India and only 33 % in Vietnam. Students’ positive attitudes towards their school in terms of preparing or inspiring them to work in rural areas were low across all five countries. Upon graduation and in the next five years, majority of students wanted to work in public sectors. Interestingly confidence about overall competency was quite low. Discussion: Positive attitude towards working in rural areas varied significantly across five countries in Asia. Medical schools should improve the preparation and inspiration towards working in rural areas for their students. Conclusion: Medical schools should put more effort in improving students’ attitude towards working in rural areas.
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