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Title: Native and chimeric metal-binding lactate dehydrogenase as detection and protection tools for oxidative stress induced by fenton's reaction
Authors: Teerawit Tangkosakul
Tanawut Tantimongcolwat
Chartchalerm Isarankura-Na-Ayudhya
Malin Mejare
Leif Bülow
Virapong Prachayasittikul
Mahidol University
Lunds Universitet
Keywords: Agricultural and Biological Sciences;Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology;Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics
Issue Date: 1-Dec-2009
Citation: EXCLI Journal. Vol.8, (2009), 1-11
Abstract: In the present study, a simple and reliable antioxidant screening technique based on lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) oxidation by Cu2+-mediated Fenton's reaction has successfully been developed. Oxidation of LDH by hydroxyl radical consequently leads to enzymatic inactivation, while addition of antioxidants can protect and regain enzyme activity. This method demonstrated a high feasibility on detecting of antioxidative activity of lipophilic (e. g. α-Tocopherol and β-Carotene) and hydrophilic compounds (e. g. glutathione, mannitol and thiourea) in a single assay. Results from linear correlation curves revealed that the IC50 were in the order of β-carotene (3.45 μg/ml) > α-Tocopherol (52.31 μg/ml) > Mn(II)-bacitracin (109.37 μg/ml) > glutathione (122.63 μg/ml). Detailed investigations revealed that oxidation of LDH resulted in enzyme degradation, which was metaland time-dependent mechanism. Therefore, further experiments were conducted to determine whether extension of the N-terminus of LDH with metal-binding regions possesses protective effect against the inactivation process. Genetic construction of chimeric LDH carrying two and four repetitive sequences of cadmium binding peptide (CdBP), designated as CdBP2LDH and CdBP4LDH, has been carried out. From our findings, the CdBP2LDH and the CdBP4LDH exhibited protective action and enzyme activity regained 20-30% and 70% higher than that of the native LDH, respectively. Two possible mechanisms have been proposed to play important role in protection against metal-mediated Fenton's reaction: i) changing in redox potential of Cu2+ in metalpeptide complex, and ii) taking away of Cu2+ ion from the crucial amino acids by metal saturation at the cadmium-binding peptides.
ISSN: 16112156
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2006-2010

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