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Title: Enterocytozoon hepatopenaei sp. nov. (Microsporida: Enterocytozoonidae), a parasite of the black tiger shrimp Penaeus monodon (Decapoda: Penaeidae): Fine structure and phylogenetic relationships
Authors: Somjintana Tourtip
Somjai Wongtripop
Grant D. Stentiford
Kelly S. Bateman
Siriporn Sriurairatana
Jittipan Chavadej
Kallaya Sritunyalucksana
Boonsirm Withyachumnarnkul
Mahidol University
Thailand Ministry of Science and Technology
Centre for the Environment Fisheries and Aquaculture Science
Keywords: Agricultural and Biological Sciences
Issue Date: 1-Sep-2009
Citation: Journal of Invertebrate Pathology. Vol.102, No.1 (2009), 21-29
Abstract: A new microsporidian species, Enterocytozoon hepatopenaei sp. nov., is described from the hepatopancreas of the black tiger shrimp Penaeus monodon (Crustacea: Decapoda). Different stages of the parasite are described, from early sporogonal plasmodia to mature spores in the cytoplasm of host-cells. The multinucleate sporogonal plasmodia existed in direct contact with the host-cell cytoplasm and contained numerous small blebs at the surface. Binary fission of the plasmodial nuclei occurred during early plasmodial development and numerous pre-sporoblasts were formed within the plasmodium. Electron-dense disks and precursors of the polar tubule developed in the cytoplasm of the plasmodium prior to budding of early sporoblasts from the plasmodial surface. Mature spores were oval, measuring 0.7 × 1.1 μm and contained a single nucleus, 5-6 coils of the polar filament, a posterior vacuole, an anchoring disk attached to the polar filament, and a thick electron-dense wall. The wall was composed of a plasmalemma, an electron-lucent endospore (10 nm) and an electron-dense exospore (2 nm). DNA primers designed from microsporidian SSU rRNA were used to amplify an 848 bp product from the parasite genome (GenBank FJ496356). The sequenced product had 84% identity to the matching region of SSU rRNA from Enterocytozoon bieneusi. Based upon ultrastructural features unique to the family Enterocytozoonidae, cytoplasmic location of the plasmodia and SSU rRNA sequence identity 16% different from E. bieneusi, the parasite was considered to be a new species, E. hepatopenaei, within the genus Enterocytozoon. © 2009 Elsevier Inc.
ISSN: 10960805
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2006-2010

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