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|Title:||Dasatinib or high-dose imatinib for chronic-phase chronic myeloid leukemia resistant to imatinib at a dose of 400 to 600 milligrams daily: Two-year follow-up of a randomized phase 2 study (START-R)|
Neil P. Shah
University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center
Hospital de Clínicas de Curitiba
Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein
Institute of Medical and Veterinary Science Australia
UCSF School of Medicine
|Keywords:||Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology;Medicine|
|Citation:||Cancer. Vol.115, No.18 (2009), 4136-4147|
|Abstract:||BACKGROUND: In patients with chronic-phase chronic myeloid leukemia (CP-CML), imatinib resistance is of increasing importance. Imatinib dose escalation was the main treatment option before dasatinib, which has 325-fold more potent inhibition than imatinib against unmutated Bcr-Abl in vitro. Data with a minimum of 2 years of follow-up were available for the current study of dasatinib and high-dose imatinib in CP-CML resistant to imatinib at daily doses from 400 mg to 600 mg. METHODS: A phase 2, open-label study was initiated of 150 patients with imatinib-resistant CP-CML who were randomized (2:1) to receive either dasatinib 70 mg twice daily (n = 101) or high-dose imatinib 800 mg (400 mg twice daily; n = 49). RESULTS: At a minimum follow-up of 2 years, dasatinib demonstrated higher rates of complete hematologic response (93% vs 82%; P = .034), major cytogenetic response (MCyR) (53% vs 33%; P = .017), and complete cytogenetic response (44% vs 18%; P = .0025). At 18 months, the MCyR was maintained in 90% of patients on the dasatinib arm and in 74% of patients on the high-dose imatinib arm. Major molecular response rates also were more frequent with dasatinib than with high-dose imatinib (29% vs 12%; P = .028). The estimated progression-free survival also favored dasatinib (unstratified log-rank test; P = .0012). CONCLUSIONS: After 2 years of follow-up, dasatinib demonstrated durable responses and improved response and progressionfree survival rates relative to high-dose imatinib. © 2009 American Cancer Society.|
|Appears in Collections:||Scopus 2006-2010|
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