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Title: Gene silencing of a prophenoloxidase activating enzyme in the shrimp, Penaeus monodon, increases susceptibility to Vibrio harveyi infection
Authors: Walaiporn Charoensapsri
Piti Amparyup
Ikuo Hirono
Takashi Aoki
Anchalee Tassanakajon
Mahidol University
Thailand National Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology
National University Corporation Tokyo University of Marine Science and Technology
Keywords: Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology;Immunology and Microbiology
Issue Date: 1-Jul-2009
Citation: Developmental and Comparative Immunology. Vol.33, No.7 (2009), 811-820
Abstract: The prophenoloxidase (proPO) activating system is an important innate immune response against microbial infections in invertebrates. The major enzyme, phenoloxidase (PO), is synthesized as an inactive precursor and its activation to an active enzyme is mediated by a cascade of clip domain serine proteinases (clip-SPs). In this study, a cDNA encoding a proPO activating enzyme (PPAE) from the black tiger shrimp, Penaeus monodon, designated as PmPPAE1, was cloned and characterized. The full-length cDNA contains an open reading frame (ORF) of 1392 bp encoding a predicted protein of 463 amino acids including an 18 amino acid signal peptide. The PmPPAE1 protein exhibits a characteristic sequence structure of clip-SPs consisting of the clip domain at the N-terminus and a SP domain at the C-terminus. Sequence analysis showed that PmPPAE1 exhibited the highest amino acid sequence similarity (70%) to a PPAE of the crayfish, Pacifastacus leniusculus. PmPPAE1 mRNA is abundantly expressed in hemocytes, and this is regulated after systemic Vibrio harveyi infection supporting that it is an immune-responsive gene. RNA interference-mediated suppression of PmPPAE1, performed by injection of double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) corresponding to the PmPPAE1 gene into shrimp, resulted in a significant reduction of PmPPAE1 but not other clip-SP and related gene transcript levels of P. monodon, suggesting gene-specific knockdown. RNAi-mediated silencing of PmPPAE1 gene significantly decreased the total PO activity (36.7%) in shrimp and additionally increased the mortality of V. harveyi infected shrimp, the latter of which correlated with an increase in the number of viable bacteria in the hemolymph. These results indicate that PmPPAE1 functions in the proPO system and is an important component in the shrimp immune system. © 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 0145305X
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2006-2010

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