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|Title:||Metabolic enzymes antioxidants and cytoskeletal proteins are significantly altered in vastus lateralis muscle of K-depleted cadaveric subjects|
Shui Tein Chen
Khon Kaen University
Thailand National Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology
Genomics Research Center, Academia Sinica
National Taiwan University
Faculty of Medicine, Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University
|Keywords:||Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology;Chemistry|
|Citation:||Journal of Proteome Research. Vol.8, No.5 (2009), 2586-2593|
|Abstract:||Molecular mechanisms underlying myopathy caused by prolonged potassium (K) depletion remain poorly understood. In the present study, we examined proteome profile of vastus lateralis muscle obtained from cadaveric subjects who had K depletion (KD) (muscle K < 80 //mol/g wet weight) compared to those who had no KD (NKD) (muscle K > 80 //mol/g wet weight) (n = 6 per group). Muscle proteins were extracted, resolved by 2-DE, and visualized with CBB-R250 stain. Spot matching and intensity analysis revealed significant changes in levels of 11 (6 increased and 5 decreased) protein spots in the KD group. Q-TOF MS and MS/MS analyses identified these altered proteins as metabolic enzymes (aldehyde dehydrogenase 1A1, uridine diphosphoglucose pyro- phosphorylase, enolase 1, cytosolic malate dehydroge- nase, and carbonic anhydrase III), antioxidants (peroxire- doxin-3 isoform b), cytoskeletal proteins (slow-twitch skeletal troponin I and myosin light chain 2), and others. These altered proteins are involved in many cellular functions, including bioenergetics, acid-base regulation, oxidative stress response, and muscle contractility. Validation was done by Western blot analysis, which confirmed the increased level of peroxiredoxin-3 and decreased level of troponin-I in the KD muscle. Linear regression analysis also revealed a significant negative correlation between peroxiredoxin-3 level and muscle K content (r =-0.887; p < 0.001), as well as a significant positive correlation between troponin-I level and muscle K content (r = 0.618; p < 0.05). Our results implicate the important roles these altered proteins play in the development of KD-associated myopathy. © 2009 American Chemical Society.|
|Appears in Collections:||Scopus 2006-2010|
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