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Title: Environmental effect on the fluorescence lifetime and quantum yield of single extended luminescent conjugated polymers
Authors: Areefen Rassamesard
Yi Fang Huang
Hsu Yang Lee
Tsong Shin Lim
Ming Chung Li
Jonathon David White
Jose Hector Hodak
Tanakorn Osotchan
K. Y. Peng
Institute of Atomic and Molecular Sciences Academia Sinica Taiwan
Mahidol University
Tunghai University
National Tsing Hua University
Academia Sinica Taiwan
National Taiwan University
Yuan Ze University
Commission on Higher Education
National Sun Yat-Sen University Taiwan
Keywords: Chemistry;Energy;Materials Science
Issue Date: 20-Nov-2009
Citation: Journal of Physical Chemistry C. Vol.113, No.43 (2009), 18681-18688
Abstract: To investigate the local environment's effect on the lifetime and quantum yield of extended polymer chains in the absence of intra-and interchain aggregation, short, rodlike polymers of poly(2,5-di-n-octyloxy-1,4- phenylenevinylene) (DO-PPV) were dissolved in chloroform and then embedded in a polystyrene matrix. The fluorescence lifetime was found to increase by 45% in moving from the solution to the matrix form. By using the absorption and emission spectra of the chloroform solution to estimate the radiative and nonradiative rate constants for the polymer in solution, along with calculations based on an exciton model, the corresponding decay rate constants for the polymer embedded in the matrix were obtained. The close agreement between the calculated and experimental values of fluorescent lifetime in the matrix proved the applicability of the exciton model used. On the basis of the model, the average quantum yield of isolated polymers in the matrix was calculated to be a factor of 2 higher than in solutionsan effect arising from a 59% decrease in the nonradiative rate constant and, to a smaller extent, from a 20% increase in the radiative decay rate due to the different dielectric constants of the environments. These results suggest that by extending and isolating single luminescent polymers, high quantum yield devices are possible. © 2009 American Chemical Society.
ISSN: 19327455
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2006-2010

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