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Title: New insights into the relationship between network structure and strain-induced crystallization in un-vulcanized and vulcanized natural rubber by synchrotron X-ray diffraction
Authors: Shigeyuki Toki
Benjamin S. Hsiao
Sureerut Amnuaypornsri
Jitladda Sakdapipanich
Stony Brook University
Mahidol University
Keywords: Chemistry;Materials Science
Issue Date: 24-Apr-2009
Citation: Polymer. Vol.50, No.9 (2009), 2142-2148
Abstract: The relationship between the network structure and strain-induced crystallization in un-vulcanized as well as vulcanized natural rubbers (NR) and synthetic poly-isoprene rubbers (IR) was investigated via synchrotron wide-angle X-ray diffraction (WAXD) technique. It was found that the presence of a naturally occurring network structure formed by natural components in un-vulcanized NR significantly facilitates strain-induced crystallization and enhances modulus and tensile strength. The stress-strain relation in vulcanized NR is due to the combined effect of chemical and naturally occurring networks. The weakness of naturally occurring network against stress and temperature suggests that vulcanized NR has additional relaxation mechanism due to naturally occurring network. The superior mechanical properties in NR compared with IR are mainly due to the existence of naturally occurring network structure. © 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 00323861
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2006-2010

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