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Title: Simultaneous COD removal and PHA production in an activated sludge system under different temperatures
Authors: Sopa Chinwetkitvanich
Clifford W. Randall
Thongchai Panswad
Chulalongkorn University
Mahidol University
Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University
Keywords: Engineering
Issue Date: 1-Dec-2009
Citation: Engineering Journal. Vol.13, No.3 (2009), 1-12
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to investigate PHA production by activated sludge biomass under different temperatures. The two-step approach, i.e. utilizing a growth phase followed by a nutrient(s) limitation phase, was applied to stimulate PHA accumulation. Each of three intended temperatures, 10°C, 20°C and 30°C, was investigated with combined N&P limitation. Four liter (L) fully aerobic SBRs were used for all experiments, and operated with a 6 h cycle time, a 10 h HRT and a 10 day SRT. The maximum PHA cellular contents and total concentrations achieved during the N&P limitation periods in the 10 and 20°C systems were very similar, i.e. 45 and 43 % of the TSS and 2133 and 2239 mg/l, respectively, whereas the 30°C results were lower at 33 % of TSS and 1476 mg/l. The biomass temperature clearly had a strong inverse effect upon PHA productivity. It decreased from 427 and 204 to 148 mg/l-day as reactor temperature increased from 10 to 20 and 30°C, respectively. As well, the PHA yields decreased from 0.38 to 0.16 and 0.11 mg PHA/mg CODu, respectively. The results strongly indicate that activated sludge PHA accumulation stimulated by combined N and P limitation is inversely correlated with temperature.
ISSN: 01258281
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2006-2010

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