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Title: Fasciola gigantica: Immunodiagnosis of fasciolosis by detection of circulating 28.5 kDa tegumental antigen
Authors: Panat Anuracpreeda
Chaitip Wanichanon
Runglawan Chawengkirtikul
Kulathida Chaithirayanon
Prasert Sobhon
Mahidol University
Keywords: Immunology and Microbiology
Issue Date: 1-Dec-2009
Citation: Experimental Parasitology. Vol.123, No.4 (2009), 334-340
Abstract: A monoclonal antibody (MoAb)-based sandwich ELISA was developed for the detection of circulating 28.5 kDa tegumental antigen (28.5 kDa TA) in the sera from mice experimentally infected with Fasciola gigantica. The MoAb was immobilized on a microtiter plate, and the antigen in the serum was captured and detected with biotinylated polyclonal rabbit anti TA antibody. The test could detect 28.5 kDa in the extracts of tegument (TA), whole body (WB) and excretory-secretory (ES) fractions at the concentrations of these crude antigens as low as 600 pg/ml, 16 and 60 ng/ml, respectively. This sandwich ELISA assay could detect the infection from day 1 to 35 post infection and showed that circulating level of 28.5 kDa TA peaked at day 1 post infection. In contrast, the antibody detection by indirect ELISA could only demonstrate the antibody level from 35 days post infection. The reliability of the assay method was evaluated using sera from mice infected with F. gigantica or Schistosoma mansoni, and hamsters infected with Opisthorchis viverrini, as well as healthy mice and hamsters. The sandwich ELISA exhibited a sensitivity and specificity at 94.55% and 100%, respectively, and with a positive predictive value of 100%, a negative predictive value of 97.39%, false positive rate of 0%, false negative rate of 5.50% and an accuracy of 98.2%. Thus, this detection method exhibited high specificity and sensitivity as well as could be used for early diagnosis of fasciolosis by F. gigantica. © 2009 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 10902449
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2006-2010

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