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Title: Pregnancy outcomes among HIV-infected women undergoing antiretroviral therapy
Authors: Darin Areechokchai
Chureeratana Bowonwatanuwong
Benjaluck Phonrat
Punnee Pitisuttithum
Wirach Maek-a-Nantawat
Mahidol University
Chonburi Regional Hospital
Keywords: Immunology and Microbiology;Medicine
Issue Date: 25-Sep-2009
Citation: Open AIDS Journal. Vol.3, (2009), 8-13
Abstract: Background: The use of antiretroviral drugs (ARV) to prevent mother-to-child HIV transmission (PMTCT) promises to be effective. However, limited data on the adverse effects of ARV among pregnant women and pregnancy outcomes have been reported in clinical practice. Objectives: This study aimed to assess adverse effects and outcomes among pregnant HIV-infected women receiving antiretroviral drugs for either antiretroviral therapy (ART) or PMTCT. Study Design: This cohort study was at Chonburi Hospital, Thailand, in 2002-2006. Results: A total of 246 pregnant HIV-infected women with the median age (range) of 27 (16-41) years were included in this study. ART was initiated in 16.3% for treatment during ANC, 66.7% for PMTCT during ANC, and 17.1% for PMTCT in labor. Adverse effects, especially anemia, were significantly associated with continuing combined ART in pregnancy (p<0.001). 88.9% delivered normal-term neonates. The prevalence of pre-term delivery was 10.2%. Overall, 24 adverse events from 21 pregnant women (8.5%) were noted. A significantly higher prevalence of pre-term delivery was noted in the groups continuing combined ART, or initiating of PMTCT during labor rather than ANC (p=0.02). The incidence of low Apgar scores was 3.6%, and these were associated with initiation of PMTCT during labor (p=0.004). Conclusion: Adverse ARV events were more numerous among the pregnant women who needed ART than PMTCT. ANC is beneficial and strongly recommended for all pregnant HIV-infected women for better pregnancy outcomes. © Areechokchai et al.
ISSN: 18746136
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2006-2010

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