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Title: Does interspecific competition have a moderating effect on Taenia solium transmission dynamics in Southeast Asia?
Authors: James V. Conlan
Khamphouth Vongxay
Stanley Fenwick
Stuart D. Blacksell
R. C.Andrew Thompson
Murdoch University
Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry
Mahidol University
John Radcliffe Hospital
Keywords: Immunology and Microbiology;Medicine
Issue Date: 1-Sep-2009
Citation: Trends in Parasitology. Vol.25, No.9 (2009), 398-403
Abstract: It is well understood that sociocultural practices strongly influence Taenia solium transmission; however, the extent to which interspecific parasite competition moderates Taenia transmission has yet to be determined. This is certainly the case in Southeast Asia where T. solium faces competition in both the definitive host (people) and the intermediate host (pigs). In people, adult worms of T. solium, T. saginata and T. asiatica compete through density-dependent crowding mechanisms. In pigs, metacestodes of T. solium, T. hydatigena and T. asiatica compete through density-dependent immune-mediated interactions. Here, we describe the biological and epidemiological implications of Taenia competition and propose that interspecific competition has a moderating effect on the transmission dynamics of T. solium in the region. Furthermore, we argue that this competitive ecological scenario should be considered in future research and surveillance activities examining T. solium cysticercosis and taeniasis in Southeast Asia. © 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 14714922
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2006-2010

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