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Title: Prevalence and genotypic relatedness of carbapenem resistance among multidrug-resistant P. aeruginosa in tertiary hospitals across Thailand
Authors: Piyatip Khuntayaporn
Preecha Montakantikul
Piroon Mootsikapun
Visanu Thamlikitkul
Mullika Traidej Chomnawang
Mahidol University. Faculty of Pharmacy. Department of Microbiology
Mahidol University. Faculty of Pharmacy. Department of Pharmacy
Khon Kaen University. Faculty of Medicine. Department of Medicine
Mahidol University. Faculty of Medicine Siriraj Hospital. Department of Medicine
Keywords: Antimicrobial susceptibility;Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis;Carbapenem resistance;Multidrug resistance;Pseudomonas aeruginosa;Epidemiology;Open Access article
Issue Date: 2012
Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials. 11, (2012), 25
Abstract: Background: Increased infection caused by multidrug resistant (MDR) Pseudomonas aeruginosa has raised awareness of the resistance situation worldwide. Carbapenem resistance among MDR (CR-MDR) P. aeruginosa has become a serious life-threatening problem due to the limited therapeutic options. Therefore, the objectives of this study were to determine the prevalence, the antibiotic susceptibility patterns and the relatedness of CR-MDR P. aeruginosa in tertiary hospitals across Thailand. Methods: MDR P. aeruginosa from eight tertiary hospitals across Thailand were collected from 2007–2009. Susceptibility of P. aeruginosa clinical isolates was determined according to the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute guideline. Selected CR-MDR P. aeruginosa isolates were genetically analyzed by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis. Results: About 261 clinical isolates were identified as MDR P. aeruginosa and approximately 71.65% were found to be CR-MDR P. aeruginosa. The result showed that the meropenem resistance rate was the highest reaching over 50% in every hospitals. Additionally, the type of hospitals was a major factor affecting the resistance rate, as demonstrated by significantly higher CR-MDR rates among university and regional hospitals. The fingerprinting map identified 107 clones with at least 95% similarity. Only 4 clones were detected in more than one hospital. Conclusions: Although the antibiotic resistance rate was high, the spreading of CR-MDR was found locally. Specific strains of CR-MDR did not commonly spread from one hospital to another. Importantly, clonal dissemination ratio indicated limited intra-hospital transmission in Thailand.
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