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Title: Activity of Eurycoma longifolia root extract against Plasmodium falciparum in vitro
Authors: Walther H. Wernsdorfer
Sabariah Ismail
Kit Lam Chan
Kanungnit Congpuong
Gunther Wernsdorfer
Medizinische Universitat Wien
Universiti Sains Malaysia
Thailand Ministry of Public Health
Mahidol University
Keywords: Medicine
Issue Date: 1-Oct-2009
Citation: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift. Vol.121, No.SUPPL. 3 (2009), 23-26
Abstract: The habitats of Eurycoma longifolia Jack, a slender tree, are jungles in Malaysia and Indonesia. It belongs to the family Simaroubaceae and is a source of quassinoids with anabolic, antimalarial and cytostatic activity. In this study, conducted during 2008 in Mae Sot, Thailand, a standardized extract of E. longifolia containing three major quassinoids, eurycomanone (1), 13,21-dihydroeurycomanone (2) and 13α(21)-epoxyeurycomanone (3) was evaluated for antiplasmodial activity against Plasmodium falciparum and its activity has been compared with that of artemisinin, using 38 fresh parasite isolates and assessment of inhibition of schizont maturation. The IC50, IC90and IC99values for artemisinin were 4.30, 45.48 and 310.97 μg/l, and those for the root extract from E. longifolia 14.72, 139.65 and 874.15 μg/l respectively. The GMCOC for artemisinin was 337.81 μg/l, and for the plant extract it was 807.41 μg/l. The log-concentration probit regressions were parallel. The inhibitory activity of the E. longifolia extract was higher than that expected from the three quassinoids isolated from the plant, suggesting synergism between the quassinoids or the presence of other unidentified compounds. © 2009 Springer-Verlag.
ISSN: 00435325
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2006-2010

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