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Title: Relationship of facet tropism with degeneration and stability of functional spinal unit
Authors: Ho Kong Min
Wubing He
Yu Duan Tsai
Nan Fu Chen
Gun Keorochana
Duc H. Do
Jeffrey C. Wang
Seoul Medical Center
Fujian Provincial Hospital
I-Shou University
Military Kaohsiung General Hospital Taiwan
Mahidol University
University of California, Los Angeles
Keywords: Medicine
Issue Date: 1-Oct-2009
Citation: Yonsei Medical Journal. Vol.50, No.5 (2009), 624-629
Abstract: Purpose: The authors investigated the effect of lumbar facet tropism (FT) on intervertebral disc degeneration (DD), facet joint degeneration (FJD), and segmental translational motion. Materials and Methods: Using kinetic MRI (KMRI), lumbar FT, which was defined as a difference in symmetry of more than 7° between the orientations of the facet joints, was investigated in 900 functional spinal units (300 subjects) in flexion, neutral, and extension postures. Each segment at L3-L4, L4-L5, and L5-S1 was assessed based on the extent of DD (grade I-V) and FJD (grade 1-4). According to the presence of FT, they were classified into two groups; one with FT and one with facet symmetry. For each group, demographics, DD, FJD and translational segmental motion were compared. Results: The incidence of FT was 34.5% at L3-L4, 35.1% at L4-L5, and 35.2% at L5-S1. Age and gender did not show any significant relationship with FT. Additionally, no correlation was observed between DD and FT. FT, however, wasfound to be associated with a higher incidence of highly degenerated facet joints at L4-L5 when compared to patients without FT (p < 0.01). Finally, FT was not observed to have any effects upon translational segmental motion. Conclusion: No significant correlation was observed between lumbar FT and DD or translational segmental motion. However, FT was shown to be associated significantly with the presence of high grades of FJD at L4-L5. This suggests that at active sites of segmental motion, FT may predispose to the development of facet joint degeneration. © Copyright: Yonsei University College of Medicine 2009.
ISSN: 05135796
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2006-2010

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