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dc.contributor.authorJanejira Laohawattanakunen_US
dc.contributor.authorSupornpim Chearskulen_US
dc.contributor.authorHattaya Dumrongphol-
dc.contributor.authorNuanchan Jutapakdeegula-
dc.contributor.authorJuntima Yensukjai-
dc.contributor.authorNipaporn Khumphan-
dc.contributor.authorSongwit Niltiean-
dc.contributor.authorWipawan Thangnipon-
dc.contributor.otherMahidol University. National Institute for Child and Family Developmenten_US
dc.contributor.otherMahidol University. Institute of Molecular Biosciences. Research Center for Neuroscience-
dc.contributor.otherMahidol University. Faculty of Medicine Siriraj Hospital. Department of Physiology-
dc.identifier.citationNeuroscience Letters. Vol. 487, (2011), 310–312en_US
dc.description.abstractSeveral pieces of evidence suggest that academic examinations fulfill the classical requirement of a psychological stressor. Academic examinations represent a stressful challenge to many students, but studies on examination-dependent corticosteroid response, a sensitive physiological indicator of a stress response, are inconsistent. In addition, several studies showed that music can decrease cortisol and adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) levels, and other studies have found that music also may enhance a variety of cognitive functions, such as attention, learning, communication and memory. The present study investigated cortisol response in saliva of Thai adolescents taking academic examinations and analyzed the differences of the stress response between musician and control subjects. Also, we observed whether the academic examination-dependent corticosteroid response affected learning and memory in the test subjects, which comprised 30 musician and 30 control students, age ranging from 15 to 17 years. Mathematical examinations were used as the stressor. Pre- and post-academic examination saliva cortisol levels were measured including self-estimated stress levels. Results showed that the pre-academic examination saliva cortisol concentrations of the musician group are significantly lower than those of the control group, whereas there is no difference in the stress inventory scores. Interestingly, among students with grade point average (GPA) of >3.50, pre-academic examination cortisol levels are significantly lower in the musician compared with control group. This study suggests that under academic examination-induced stress condition, music training can reduce saliva cortisol level in Thai adolescents.en_US
dc.rightsMahidol University-
dc.subjectSalivary cortisolen_US
dc.subjectAcademic examinationen_US
dc.titleInfluence of music training on academic examination-induced stress in Thai adolescents.en_US
dc.typeResearch Articleen_US
dc.rights.holderElsevier (available from Sciencedirect)en_US
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