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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://repository.li.mahidol.ac.th/dspace/handle/123456789/28388
Title: Stepwise acquisition of pyrimethamine resistance in the malaria parasite
Authors: Elena R. Lozovsky
Thanat Chookajorn
Kyle M. Brown
Mallika Imwong
Philip J. Shaw
Sumalee Kamchonwongpaisan
Daniel E. Neafsey
Daniel M. Weinreich
Daniel L. Hartl
Harvard University
Mahidol University
Thailand National Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology
Broad Institute
Brown University
Keywords: Multidisciplinary
Issue Date: 21-Jul-2009
Citation: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. Vol.106, No.29 (2009), 12025-12030
Abstract: The spread of high-level pyrimethamine resistance in Africa threatens to curtail the therapeutic lifetime of antifolate antimalarials. We studied the possible evolutionary pathways in the evolution of pyrimethamine resistance using an approach in which all possible mutational intermediates were created by site-directed mutagenesis and assayed for their level of drug resistance. The coding sequence for dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR) from the malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum was mutagenized, and tests were carried out in Escherichia coli under conditions in which the endogenous bacterial enzyme was selectively inhibited. We studied 4 key amino acid replacements implicated in pyrimethamine resistance: N51I, C59R, S108N, and I164L. Using empirical estimates of the mutational spectrum in P. falciparum and probabilities of fixation based on the relative levels of resistance, we found that the predicted favored pathways of drug resistance are consistent with those reported in previous kinetic studies, as well as DHFR polymorphisms observed in natural populations. We found that 3 pathways account for nearly 90% of the simulated realizations of the evolution of pyrimethamine resistance. The most frequent pathway (S108N and then C59R, N51I, and I164L) accounts for more than half of the simulated realizations. Our results also suggest an explanation for why I164L is detected in Southeast Asia and South America, but not at significant frequencies in Africa.
URI: https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=67749098058&origin=inward
http://repository.li.mahidol.ac.th/dspace/handle/123456789/28388
ISSN: 10916490
00278424
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2006-2010

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