Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
|Title:||Overexpression of farnesyl pyrophosphate synthase (FPS) gene affected Artemisinin content and growth of Artemisia annua L|
Thailand National Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology
|Keywords:||Agricultural and Biological Sciences|
|Citation:||Plant Cell, Tissue and Organ Culture. Vol.103, No.2 (2010), 255-265|
|Abstract:||Transgenic plants of Artemisia annua L., a medicinal plant that produces the compound artemisinin which has an anti-malarial activity, were developed following Agrobacterium tumefaciens-mediated transformation of leaf explants. A. tumefaciens strain EHA105 carrying either pCAMBIA1301 or pCAMBIAFPS was used. Both plasmids harbored the hygromycin phosphotransferase II (hptII) gene as a selectable gene, but the latter plasmid also harbored the gene encoding for farnesyl pyrophosphate synthase (FPS), a key enzyme for artemisinin biosynthesis. Shoot regeneration was observed either directly from leaf sections or via intervening callus when explants were incubated on solidified Murashige and Skoog (MS) (1962) medium containing 0.1 mg l-1α-naphthaleneacetic acid (NAA), 1 mg l-1N6-benzyladenine (BA), 30 mg l-1meropenem and 10 mg l-1hygromycin. Applying vacuum infiltration dramatically increased transformation efficiency up to 7.3 and 19.7% when plasmids with and without FPS gene were used, respectively. All putative transgenic regenerants showed positive bands of hptII gene following Southern blot analysis. Expression of FPS was observed in all transgenic lines, and FPS over-expressed lines exhibited higher artemisinin content and yield, of 2.5- and 3.6-fold, respectively, than that detected in wild-type plants. A relatively high correlation (R2= 0.78) was observed between level of expression of FPS and artemisinin content. However, gene silencing was detected in some transgenic lines, especially for those lines containing two copies of the FPS transgene, and with some lines exhibiting reduced growth. © 2010 Springer Science+Business Media B.V.|
|Appears in Collections:||Scopus 2006-2010|
Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.
Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.