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Title: Climate associated size and shape changes in Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae) populations from Thailand
Authors: Ronald Enrique Morales Vargas
Phubeth Ya-umphan
Noppawan Phumala-Morales
Narumon Komalamisra
Jean Pierre Dujardin
Mahidol University
IRD Centre de Montpellier
Keywords: Agricultural and Biological Sciences;Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology;Immunology and Microbiology;Medicine
Issue Date: 1-May-2010
Citation: Infection, Genetics and Evolution. Vol.10, No.4 (2010), 580-585
Abstract: In spite of the adult body size variability of Aedes aegypti (Linnaeus) and its likely association with life history and vectorial capacity, the causes of size variation itself have been only partially identified. In particular, possible important factors such as climatic variation have not received much attention.The objective of this 2-year study was to describe from field collections the relationship of Ae. aegypti metric properties with available climatic data. The study took place in a dengue hyperendemic area of Thailand. Fourth instar larvae (L4) and pupae were collected from the same breeding places allowing the comparisons between seven successive collections, four in 2007 and three in 2008. Climatic data were relative humidity (RH) and temperature (T). They were considered for the periods covering either the pre-imaginal development or, assuming heritability of size, the previous generation. The pre-imaginal period was further subdivided into embryonic and larval phases of development. Size was estimated by traditional and geometric techniques, the latter based on 18 landmarks collected at the intersections of veins also allowing estimation of shape.The shape variation of the wing followed similar patterns as for size and was shown to be a passive allometric change. No significant correlation of size or shape could be disclosed with T. In contrast, significant correlation with RH was found during two periods of examination: (i) the period affecting the generation previous to the time of collection, suggesting possible selective mechanisms on genitors, and (ii) the one occurring during pre-imaginal development. The subdivision of the latter into embryonic and larval phases allowed to evidence a possible selecting effect on embryonic development. The selection would act through the resistance to water loss which is known to depend on the relative surface of the cuticle.In conclusion, our data highlight the importance of the emerged period of Ae. aegypti eggs as a critical time for the size of future adults, and point to the relative humidity as the likely selecting factor. © 2010 Elsevier B.V.
ISSN: 15671348
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2006-2010

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