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Title: Association of Alix with late endosomal lysobisphosphatidic acid is important for dengue virus infection in human endothelial cells
Authors: Sa Nga Pattanakitsakul
Jesdaporn Poungsawai
Rattiyaporn Kanlaya
Supachok Sinchaikul
Shui Tein Chen
Visith Thongboonkerd
Mahidol University
Academia Sinica Taiwan
National Taiwan University
Keywords: Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology;Chemistry
Issue Date: 3-Sep-2010
Citation: Journal of Proteome Research. Vol.9, No.9 (2010), 4640-4648
Abstract: The most severe form of dengue virus (DENV) infection is dengue hemorrhagic fever/dengue shock syndrome (DHF/DSS), which is accompanied by increased vascular permeability indicating that endothelial cells are the targets of DENV infection. However, molecular mechanisms underlying DENV replication in endothelial cells remained poorly understood. We therefore examined changes in subcellular proteomes of different cellular compartments (including cytosolic, membrane/organelle, nucleus, and cytoskeleton) of human endothelial (EA.hy926) cells upon DENV2 infection using a 2-DE-based proteomics approach followed by Q-TOF MS and MS/MS. A total of 35 altered proteins were identified in these subcellular locales, including an increase in the level of Alix (apoptosis-linked gene-2-interacting protein X) in the cytosolic fraction of DENV2-infected cells compared to mock control cells. Double immunofluorescence staining revealed colocalization of Alix with late endosomal lysobisphosphatidic acid (LBPA). This complex has been proposed to be involved in the export of DENV proteins from late endosomes to the cytoplasm. Subsequent functional study revealed that pretreatment with an anti-LBPA antibody prior to DENV challenge significantly reduced the level of viral envelope protein synthesis and DENV replication. Our data indicate that Alix plays a pivotal role in the early phase of DENV replication, particularly when it arrives at the late endosome stage. Blocking this step may lead to a novel therapeutic approach to reducing the level of DENV replication in vivo. © 2010 American Chemical Society.
ISSN: 15353907
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2006-2010

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