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Title: Oxidative modification and poor protective activity of HDL on LDL oxidation in thalassemia
Authors: Supeenun Unchern
Narumon Laohareungpanya
Yupin Sanvarinda
Kovit Pattanapanyasat
Pansakorn Tanratana
Udom Chantharaksri
Nathawut Sibmooh
Mahidol University
Chulabhorn Research Institute
Hua Chiew Chalermprakiet University
Keywords: Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology;Chemistry;Medicine
Issue Date: 1-Jul-2010
Citation: Lipids. Vol.45, No.7 (2010), 627-633
Abstract: Oxidative modification of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) has been reported in thalassemia, which is a consequence of oxidative stress. However, the levels of oxidized high-density lipoprotein (HDL) in thalassemia have not been evaluated and it is unclear whether HDL oxidation may be linked to LDL oxidation. In this study, the levels of total cholesterol, iron, protein, conjugated diene (CD), lipid hydroperoxide (LOOH), and thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARs) were determined in HDL from healthy volunteers and patients with β-thalassemia intermedia with hemoglobin E (β-thal/Hb E). The protective activity of thalassemic HDL on LDL oxidation was also investigated. The iron content of HDL2and HDL3from β-thal/HbE patients was higher while the cholesterol content was lower than those in healthy volunteers. Thalassemic HDL2and HDL3had increased levels of lipid peroxidation markers i.e., conjugated diene, LOOH, and TBARs. Thalassemic HDL had lower peroxidase activity than control HDL and was unable to protect LDL from oxidation induced by CuSO4. Our findings highlight the oxidative modification and poor protective activity of thalassemic HDL on LDL oxidation which may contribute to cardiovascular complications in thalassemia. © 2010 AOCS.
ISSN: 15589307
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2006-2010

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