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Title: Investigation of porous graphitic carbon at high-temperature liquid chromatography with evaporative light scattering detection for the analysis of the drug combination artesunate-Azithromycin for the treatment of severe malaria
Authors: Karen Gaudin
Pascal Millet
Fawaz Fawaz
Piero Olliaro
Nicholas J. White
Céline Cassus-Coussère
Ulrich Agbahoungha
Jean Pierre Dubost
Laboratoire de Chimie
Universite de Bordeaux
Organisation Mondiale de la Sante
Mahidol University
University of Oxford
Keywords: Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology;Chemistry
Issue Date: 1-Jan-2010
Citation: Journal of Chromatography A. Vol.1217, No.1 (2010), 75-81
Abstract: Artesunate combined therapies represent the best option for the treatment of malaria and require the development of new methods of analysis. Retention, selectivity and detection with high-temperature liquid chromatography-porous graphitic carbon-evaporative light scattering detection was studied for artesunate and azithromycin separation. Organic solvent, concentration of organic modifiers, temperature and flow rate were all relevant parameters to optimize this separation. The behaviour of artesunate in the tested conditions appeared close to a neutral compound. In CH3OH, only azithromycin retention was dramatically altered depending on the [triethylamine]/[formic acid] ratio and on the temperature, whereas in CH3CN, azithromycin, artesunate, artemisinin and dihydroartemisinin retentions decreased with the temperature increase whatever the organic modifier ratio. The best efficiency was obtained with CH3CN. 25% variation of the concentration values of the organic modifiers did not significantly influenced the retention. The sensitivity of ELSD increased with the flow rate decrease. Peak area and S/N ratio dramatically decreased with the flow rate increase by 10- and 5-fold for artesunate and azithromycin, respectively. Non-linear calibration curves were obtained for both artesunate and azithromycin. © 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 00219673
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2006-2010

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