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Title: Erythrocyte binding preference of 16 subtypes of low pathogenic avian influenza and 2009 pandemic influenza A (H1N1) viruses
Authors: Witthawat Wiriyarat
Hatairat Lerdsamran
Phisanu Pooruk
Robert G. Webster
Suda Louisirirotchanakul
Parntep Ratanakorn
Kridsada Chaichoune
Kannika Nateerom
Pilaipan Puthavathana
Mahidol University
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital
Keywords: Immunology and Microbiology
Issue Date: 15-Dec-2010
Citation: Veterinary Microbiology. Vol.146, No.3-4 (2010), 346-349
Abstract: All 16 subtypes of avian influenza viruses of low pathogenicity (LPAIV) as well as their hemagglutinin (H) antigens, and four 2009 pandemic influenza A (H1N1) virus isolates were assayed for hemagglutinating activity against 5 erythrocyte species: goose, guinea pig, human group O, chicken and horse. Of all viruses and antigens assayed, the highest hemagglutination (HA) titers were obtained with goose and guinea pig erythrocytes. Hemagglutinating activity of replicating LPAIV and LPAIV antigens decreased, in order, with chicken and human group O; meanwhile, horse erythrocytes yielded lowest or no HA titer. Moreover, the 2009 pandemic viruses did not agglutinate both horse and chicken erythrocytes. Our study concluded that goose and guinea pig erythrocytes are the best in HA assay for all subtypes of influenza viruses. © 2010 Elsevier B.V.
ISSN: 03781135
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2006-2010

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