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Title: Local dynamics and structure of pure and Ta substituted ( K<inf>1-x</inf> Na<inf>x</inf> ) NbO<inf>3</inf> from first principles calculations
Authors: Malliga Suewattana
David J. Singh
Mahidol University
Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Keywords: Materials Science;Physics and Astronomy
Issue Date: 28-Jul-2010
Citation: Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics. Vol.82, No.1 (2010)
Abstract: The local structure and dynamics of piezoelectric K1-x Na xNbO3 perovskite solid solutions with and without partial Ta substitution at x=0.5 are investigated using first principles calculations for supercells. The results are analyzed locally using the dynamical pair distribution functions. The local structures for Ta-substituted material show smaller off-centering of Ta compared to Nb. In addition, the dynamics of the relaxed structure indicate softer Nb force constants relative to Ta even though the Nb has shorter O nearest-neighbor distances than Ta. These results are discussed in relation to experimental measurements which show a decrease in Curie temperature and an increase in dielectric constant when Ta is partially substituted into K1-x NaxNbO3. © 2010 The American Physical Society.
ISSN: 1550235X
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2006-2010

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