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Title: Prevalence and incidence of child stunting from birth to two years of life in Thai children: Based on the prospective cohort study of Thai children (PCTC)
Authors: Aroonsri Mongkolchati
Bandit Thinkhamrop
Ladda Mo-Suwan
Uraiporn Chittchang
Chanpen Choprapawon
Khon Kaen University
Prince of Songkla University
Mahidol University
Thailand Research Association for Child and Family Development (TRAC)
Keywords: Medicine
Issue Date: 1-Dec-2010
Citation: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand. Vol.93, No.12 (2010), 1368-1378
Abstract: Objective: To determine the percentages of prevalence and incidence in child stunting at birth, 6, 12, 18, and 24 months of age and to investigate the association between factors and child stunting outcome Material and Method: The Prospective Cohort Study of Thai Children (PCTC) was carried out during 2000-2002, data from five districts were examined, and anthropometric measurements were performed by the physician and research assistants. WHO's growth reference standard year 2005 was used. Results: Four thousand two hundred forty five children were included at the start of the present study of which 3,898 were in the final analysis. The prevalence in child stunting presented an increasing percentage at birth 6, 12, 18, and 24 months was 6.0, 6.9, 9.5, 14.6, and 16.6%, and incidence indicated decreasing at birth,6,12,18, and 24 mon ths was 6.0, 4.3, 4.1, 5.2, and 3.2% respectively. The GEE analysis showed that gender, mother height, mother education, income, and Nan-Hill Tribe areas were significantly correlated with child stunting (p < 0.001). Conclusion: Finding from the present study indicates that to reduce child stunting in Thailand in early infant's life, early nutritional interventions and quality antenatal care are vital.
ISSN: 01252208
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2006-2010

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