Simple jQuery Dropdowns
Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://repository.li.mahidol.ac.th/dspace/handle/123456789/29493
Title: Efficacy and safety of artemether-lumefantrine compared with quinine in pregnant women with uncomplicated Plasmodium falciparum malaria: an open-label, randomised, non-inferiority trial
Authors: Patrice Piola
Carolyn Nabasumba
Eleanor Turyakira
Mehul Dhorda
Niklas Lindegardh
Dan Nyehangane
Georges Snounou
Elizabeth A. Ashley
Rose McGready
Francois Nosten
Philippe J. Guerin
Epicentre
Epicentre
Mbarara University of Science and Technology
Mahidol University
Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine
Inserm
Faculte de Medecine Pierre et Marie Curie
Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust
Shoklo Malaria Research Unit
Keywords: Medicine
Issue Date: 1-Nov-2010
Citation: The Lancet Infectious Diseases. Vol.10, No.11 (2010), 762-769
Abstract: Background: Malaria in pregnancy is associated with maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality. In 2006, WHO recommended use of artemisinin-based combination treatments during the second or third trimesters, but data on efficacy and safety in Africa were scarce. We aimed to assess whether artemether-lumefantrine was at least as efficacious as oral quinine for the treatment of uncomplicated falciparum malaria during the second and third trimesters of pregnancy in Mbarara, Uganda. Methods: We did an open-label, randomised, non-inferiority trial between October, 2006, and May, 2009, at the antenatal clinics of the Mbarara University of Science and Technology Hospital in Uganda. Pregnant women were randomly assigned (1:1) by computer generated sequence to receive either quinine hydrochloride or artemether-lumefantrine, and were followed up weekly until delivery. Our primary endpoint was cure rate at day 42, confirmed by PCR. The non-inferiority margin was a difference in cure rate of 5%. Analysis of efficacy was for all randomised patients without study deviations that could have affected the efficacy outcome. This study was registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT00495508. Findings: 304 women were randomly assigned, 152 to each treatment group. By day 42, 16 patients were lost to follow-up and 25 were excluded from the analysis. At day 42, 137 (99·3%) of 138 patients taking artemether-lumefantrine and 122 (97·6%) of 125 taking quinine were cured-difference 1·7% (lower limit of 95% CI -0·9). There were 290 adverse events in the quinine group and 141 in the artemether-lumefantrine group. Interpretation: Artemisinin derivatives are not inferior to oral quinine for the treatment of uncomplicated malaria in pregnancy and might be preferable on the basis of safety and efficacy. Funding: Médecins Sans Frontières and the European Commission. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd.
URI: https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=78049359991&origin=inward
http://repository.li.mahidol.ac.th/dspace/handle/123456789/29493
ISSN: 14733099
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2006-2010

Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.


Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.