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Title: Iso-electricfocusing of bithynia snail antigens for IGG-and IGG<inf>1-4</inf>-elisa detection of human opisthorchiasis
Authors: Wallop Pakdee
Jitra Waikagul
Thareerat Kalambaheti
Akira Ito
Paron Dekumyoy
Mahidol University
Asahikawa Medical College
Keywords: Medicine
Issue Date: 1-Jul-2010
Citation: Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health. Vol.41, No.4 (2010), 813-820
Abstract: Diagnosis of opisthorchiasis is confirmed by the presence of characteristic eggs and worms. However, misdiagnosis may occur in light infections, and also due to the morphological similarity of opisthorchid eggs to other species. A finding of specific immune mediators can help confirm infection. This study used indirect ELISA to detect total IGG and IGG1-4 with selected antigens of Bithynia siamensis goniomphalos extract, which were derived by liquid-phase isoelectricfocusing (IFE). Antigens (Iso-AgF) from 20 IEF fractionated fractions were selected based on a high ELISA-OD ratio between pooled-positive and poolednegative sera. Iso-AgF 7, 7, 6, 2, and 10 resulted in high OD-ratio to total IGG, IGG1, 2, 3, and 4, respectively. A full-scale ELISA was conducted with sera from 50 opisthorchiasis cases, 196 from other parasitic-disease cases, and 35 healthy controls. Iso-AgF7 to IGG1 showed the best result, with sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive value of 100, 96, 86, and 100%, respectively, at a cut-off 0.221. Low cross-reactivity to IGG1 was found in one case each of gnathostomiasis, trichinellosis, toxocariasis, angiostrongyliasis, bancroftian filariasis, enterobiasis, neurocysticercosis, and taeniasis. Thus, Iso-AgF7 to IGG1 was a good candidate antigen to be developed for detection of antibodies against Opisthorchis viverrini.
ISSN: 01251562
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2006-2010

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