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Title: Ursodeoxycholic acid and artesunate in the treatment of severe falciparum malaria patients with jaundice
Authors: Sombat Treeprasertsuk
Udomsak Silachamroon
Srivicha Krudsood
Arun Huntrup
Plengsakoon Suwannakudt
Suparp Vannaphan
Polrat Wilairatana
Chulalongkorn University
Mahidol University
Keywords: Medicine
Issue Date: 1-Jan-2010
Citation: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology (Australia). Vol.25, No.2 (2010), 362-368
Abstract: Background and Aims: Plasmodium falciparum (PF) infection can lead to severe complications. Ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) is increasingly used for the treatment of cholestatic liver diseases. The present study aims to determine the effects of combined UDCA and artesunate compared to placebo and artesunate on the improvement of liver tests in severe PF jaundiced patients. Methods: All severe PF jaundiced patients, aged ≥ 15 years and diagnosed as having severe malaria according to WHO 2000 criteria, were enrolled. Patients with evidence of biliary obstruction, other cholestatic liver diseases and those who were pregnant were excluded. Patients were randomized to receive either oral UDCA or placebo for 2 weeks in additional to artesunate. All patients were admitted for at least 14 days to monitor the result of the treatment. Results: Seventy-four severe PF malaria patients with jaundice were enrolled. Both groups had similar demographic and laboratory tests, with the exception being more males in the UDCA group than in the placebo group (P = 0.04). The median of percentage change of total bilirubin and aminotransferase levels at the end of weeks 1, 2, 3 and 4 showed no difference between the two groups. Only the median of percentage change of alkaline phosphatase at the end of week one compared with the baseline values showed less increment in the UDCA group than in the placebo group (P = 0.04). No serious adverse events were seen during the 4 weeks of follow up. Conclusions: In severe PF malaria patients with jaundice, combined therapy with UDCA and artesunate is safe, but does not significantly improve liver tests compared to placebo and artesunate. © 2010 Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology Foundation and Blackwell Publishing Asia Pty Ltd.
ISSN: 14401746
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2006-2010

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