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Title: Proteinase inhibitors and other biochemical criteria in infants and primary schoolchildren from urban and rural environments
Authors: F. P. Schelp
Praneet Pongpaew
Sri Rahayuningsih Sutjahjo
Venus Supawan
S. Saovakontha
P. Migasena
Prakong Poshakrishana
Mahidol University
King Chulalongkorn Memorial Hospital, Faculty of Medicine Chulalongkorn University
Keywords: Medicine;Nursing
Issue Date: 1-Jan-1981
Citation: British Journal of Nutrition. Vol.45, No.3 (1981), 451-459
Abstract: 1. Preschool children and schoolchildren from a rural area in the northeast of Thailand were compared with children from urban areas for prealbumin, albumin, transferrin, all-glycoprotein, the acute-phase reactants a,-acid glycoprotein, a,-antichymotrypsin. haptoglobin and the proteinase inhibitors a,-protease inhibitor (AlPI) as well as a,-macroglobulin (a,M). Urinary urea nitrogen: Creatinine (UC) as well as haemoglobin were also determined. Village preschool children were grouped according to their SD score for weight-for-height based on the (US) National Center for Health Statistics (1976) standard into a normal group with SD scores of 3 - 1.99 and an undernourished group with SD scores of 6 -2.00. 2. There was no significant difference between the normal and the undernourished groups of preschool children for any of the factors measured. 3. Haemoglobin and prealbumin concentrations of preschool children were lower in the rural children than in the urban preschool children from Bangkok. 4. In rural schoolchildren haemoglobin was lower but albumin, transfemn, a,B-glycoprotein and haptoglobin were higher than in urban schoolchildren from the provincial town of Khon Kaen. 5. Serum concentrations of the proteinase inhibitors AlPI and a,M were significantly higher in the rural children than in the urban children. 6. U C values were lower in rural schoolchildren compared with urban schoolchildren. © 1981, The Nutrition Society. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 14752662
Appears in Collections:Scopus 1969-1990

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