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Title: Silencing of gonad-inhibiting hormone gene expression in Penaeus monodon by feeding with GIH dsRNA-enriched Artemia
Authors: Supattra Treerattrakool
Chuthakorn Chartthai
Nipatthra Phromma-in
Sakol Panyim
Apinunt Udomkit
Mahidol University
Keywords: Agricultural and Biological Sciences
Issue Date: 1-Aug-2013
Citation: Aquaculture. Vol.404-405, (2013), 116-121
Abstract: In penaeid shrimp, RNA interference technology was successfully applied to inhibit viral replication as well as to silence shrimp endogenous genes. Our previous study showed that double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) targeting gonad-inhibiting hormone (GIH) gene was able to induce ovarian maturation in Penaeus monodon female broodstock. The dsRNA was usually delivered into shrimp by injection via hemolymph or muscle. Although the injection method is highly effective, it is not suitable for practical applications in commercial scale. The delivery of dsRNA by oral feeding as a food component is another attractive way to use in the field. In this study, we explored the possibility of knocking-down GIH transcript by oral feeding with adult Artemia salina that was enriched with GIH dsRNA-expressing Escherichia coli. The highest level of Artemia enrichment was obtained when 1g of Artemia was soaked with 120 OD600of GIH dsRNA-expressing E. coli for 30min. The E. coli could persist in the Artemia for at least 7days under 4-8°C storage temperature. Once soaked in 10parts per thousand sea water, the amount of dsRNA in the Artemia was reduced to about 50% and remained at this level over a soaking period of 180min. Our study revealed a significant decrease in GIH transcript level after feeding the shrimp with GIH dsRNA-enriched Artemia. However, the suppression of GIH transcript by such oral feeding was less effective than the injection method. Our results suggest that the feeding method using Artemia as a carrier of dsRNA has a potential to deliver dsRNA into shrimp for silencing shrimp endogenous genes or inhibiting viral replication. © 2013.
ISSN: 00448486
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2011-2015

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