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Title: Macropinocytosis is the Major Mechanism for Endocytosis of Calcium Oxalate Crystals into Renal Tubular Cells
Authors: Rattiyaporn Kanlaya
Kitisak Sintiprungrat
Sakdithep Chaiyarit
Visith Thongboonkerd
Mahidol University
Keywords: Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
Issue Date: 1-Dec-2013
Citation: Cell Biochemistry and Biophysics. Vol.67, No.3 (2013), 1171-1179
Abstract: During an initial phase of kidney stone formation, the internalization of calcium oxalate (CaOx) crystals by renal tubular cells has been thought to occur via endocytosis. However, the precise mechanism of CaOx crystal endocytosis remained unclear. In the present study, MDCK renal tubular cells were pretreated with inhibitors specific to individual endocytic pathways, including nystatin (lipid raft/caveolae-mediated), cytochalasin D (actin-dependent or macropinocytosis), and chlorpromazine (CPZ; clathrin-mediated) before exposure to plain (non-labeled), or fluorescence-labeled CaOx monohydrate (COM) crystals. Quantitative analysis by flow cytometry revealed that pretreatment with nystatin and CPZ slightly decreased the crystal internalization, whereas the cytochalasin D pretreatment caused a marked decrease in crystal uptake. Immunofluorescence study and laser-scanning confocal microscopic examination confirmed that the cytochalasin D-pretreated cells had dramatic decrease of the internalized crystals, whereas the total number of crystals interacted with the cells was unchanged (crystals could adhere but were not internalized). These data have demonstrated for the first time that renal tubular cells endocytose COM crystals mainly via macropinocytosis. These novel findings will be useful for further tracking the endocytosed crystals inside the cells during the course of kidney stone formation. © 2013 Springer Science+Business Media New York.
ISSN: 10859195
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2011-2015

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